Soul-Scar Mageâ€™s effect isnâ€™t a prevention effect. Damage that canâ€™t be prevented will be replaced with -1/-1 counters.
If multiple prevention and/or replacement effects are trying to apply to the same damage, the controller of the creature that would be dealt damage chooses the order in which to apply them. As examples, an opponent could choose to apply the effect of Djeruâ€™s Resolve and prevent the damage rather than put -1/-1 counters on it; or an opponent could choose to convert the damage to -1/-1 counters before Insult could double it, and then Insultâ€™s effect wonâ€™t apply anymore.
If an effect causes a creature you control to fight a creature an opponent controls, the damage is dealt simultaneously. For instance, if your 2/2 creature fights an opponentâ€™s 4/4 creature, your creature will be dealt 4 damage and your opponentâ€™s creature will have two -1/-1 counters put on it.
If a spell or ability an opponent controls causes a source you control to deal noncombat damage to a creature an opponent controls, that damage will be replaced with -1/-1 counters.